ghost., (gh-ost): an echo or epi-phantasm of a sentient being, usually regarded as a spirit of the deceased, although can vary between cultures to include animals, deities, or even imaginary or constructed beings.

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1. Pen Name: a pseudonym in place of a real name.

2. Heteronym: a fictive character, or alter-ego, who takes the place of the author.

2. Nom de plume: a literary double who often writes what can otherwise not be said by the author.

4. Nom de guerre: a moniker used solely in times of strife, or for troublesome activity.


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.a ghostwriter of fictional or non-fictional works, including plays, songs, and poetry.

.one of those strange, late-of-hours breed of shift workers, usually zero-hours 'freelancers' who are employed in the quiet hours to perform necessary tasks unwelcome at other times, (eg.; cleaners, trash-collectors, delivery staff, and some factory workers), often sustained by coffee and curious subcultures.

.a member of a recognised peer-group, clique, or organization who nonetheless is overwhelmingly nondescript or oft-forgot by their fellows, (eg.; did you know that Jimmy was in your English Class? I don't seem to remember him there).

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“Of the famous ghosts then, we can perhaps talk about the pseudo-selves of Richard Bachman, Robert Gilbraith, or Robin Hobb; personalities which are entirely imaginary, and yet who still manage to deliver to their publishing schedule… Or we could consider the out-sourcing of a singular named self as in the memoirs of Hilary Clinton, many of Tom Clancy’s novels, or indeed any celebrity biography… However, one of the most fascinating occurances of ‘the ghost’ must surely be found in the dazzling array of heteronyms summoned by the Portuguese writer Fernando Pessoa; 75 discrete entities who feature as authors, critics, relatives or incidental characters in the writer’s canon…”

Micele McAlistair‘s ‘Treatise on Onomatology’ Preface.

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nb. Not to be confused with ghost-ontology, a school of post-Cartesian metaphysics.